A major power crisis has arisen in front of us today owing to shortage of coal, plunging entire world, including India, into complete darkness. Coal is crucial for India’s energy supply as 70% of India’s electricity generation depends on Coal. Every country is finding way out to deal with current power crisis which cannot be resolved overnight, especially for developed countries like India, which has 135 coal-fired power plants, but unfortunately, 70 amongst them reporting shortage, not having sufficient amount of coal supply resulting in running out of existing stockpiles within few days. Due to country’s severe shortage of coal, particularly in India, power generation in states like Punjab, Rajasthan, Delhi, and Tamil Nadu, has begun to suffer. Going by forecast, India was recently hit by power crisis when daily peak shortage rose to 10,778 MW, energy deficit reaching to 5% at national level, with some states experiencing steep deficits of upto 15%. Consequently, discoms resorted to load-shedding, leading to long duration of outage in many households and rationed supply for economic activities. As of September 2021, thermal power (power generating from burning coal, gas, petroleum) constitutes 60% of India’s installed capacity in power generation, coal-based power generation with capacity of around 210 gigawatts (GW) of total 396 GW accounts for about 53% of India’s total power capacity as on March 2022, India importing about 20% of its thermal coal requirements.
Probable Causes of Power Crisis:
- Revival of economic activities-Heatwaves and revival of economic activities post COVID-19 disruptions propelled electricity demand, average daily energy requirement increasing to 4,512 million units (MU) in April 2022 from 3, 941 MU in April 2021, registering 14.5 % growth.
- Inefficiency & Incompetency of TPPs-With 236 GW of thermal power plants (TPPs) running much below capacity (at 59% capacity utilisation), India could’ve managed this demand surge by ramping up thermal generation.
- Cash Flow Problem in Electricity Sector-Inability of discoms to recover cost results in outstanding dues of over Rs.1lakh crore to power generation companies (GenCos) default on payments to Coal India Limited (CIL).
- Discom Losses-Aggregate losses stand at 21% (2019-20), reflective of both operational inefficiency & poor recovery of dues from consumers and discoms inability to pay generators on time leading to payment delays to Coal India.
- Multiple Structural Fault Lines-Chronic insolvency of discoms disrupting upstream supply chains, utilities not undertaking effective resource planning & blame-game of states to Centre for faulty coal allocation & Centre pushing blame on state’s inability to pay upstream suppliers.
Solutions For Preventing Electricity Crisis In India:
- Planning & policy reforms involving scarcity management to one of flexible resiliency.
- Need to introduce feedback loops in ecosystem-incentives to achieve/exceed compliance but repercussions if they don’t.
- Policy focus must be on long-term structural solutions addressing distribution financial viability coupled with robust mechanism for resource planning.
- Enabling ecosystem ensuring power plants to function more efficiently.
- Discoms should be enabled to undertake smart evaluation and management of demand.
- Revisiting fuel allocation and supporting priority dispatch of efficient parts could facilitate India to reduce coal demand by upto 6% of annual requirement.
- Strategic Energy Transition-Strategic approach to energy transition harnessing low-cost power, holds promise of renewable energy sources like Solar Power, of which Solar inverters are made, Wind Power, Bio Energy, and opportunities for diversification in energy mix is crucial for addressing persistent power shortages.
- Middle Term Solutions for Solving Crisis-While India is expected to overcome current coal shortage, the only way it can secure its long-term energy security is by ramping up production from renewable source of energy like solar energy-Solar inverter being its product made by power inverter manufacturer in India.
- Focussing on Domestic Production & Reducing Imports-Increasing domestic production for reducing and avoiding imports altogether is important.
- India should enhance investments in clean coal technologies deployment throughout coal value chain.
- Mining blocks allocated to private sector aiding in early production. By doing so, requirement for higher coal imports and consequent onerous financial burden would come down.
Future Source of Electricity Power-Renewable Energy Wins Hands Down!
Renewable energy like Solar Power, of which Solar inverters are the products made by EnerTech, one of the leading solar inverter manufacturers in India, is only solution to combat India’s power crisis.
Types of Inverters:
1. Solar Off-Grid Inverter-
Solar off-grid inverter constitutes part of off-grid solar system where solar power that you’re not consuming will automatically get stored in solar battery or solar inverter which you can use later. Solar off-grid inverter produced by EnerTech, one of the leading solar inverter manufacturers in India and power inverter manufacturer, is very popular and it comes with power backup. Solar off-grid inverters work independently off grid. Most home appliances like Fans, Cooler, TV, AC, Water Pump, etc., operates through this inverter.
2. Solar Hybrid Inverter 1Ph-
Solar Hybrid Inverter 1Ph from house of EnerTech, one of the best solar inverter manufacturers in India, has a range of 5KVA-30KVA, Display 32-bit DSP based design, Multi modes working SBG/SGB/Export/Batteryless, Power Factor-IGBT rectifier with PF>0.9, Customized MPPT design, Interactive front LCD to do all settings via display, MODBUS control for handshaking, Paralleling option, Remote monitoring using GSM/RS-485.
Solar Hybrid Inverter 3Ph from EnerTech, one of the prominent solar inverter manufacturers in India and power inverter manufacturer, has range of 5KVA-600KVA, Display of 32-bit DSP based design, Multi modes working SBG/SGB/Export/Batteryless, Power Factor-IGBT rectifier with PF>0.9, Customized MPPT design, Interactive front LCD to do all settings via display, MODBUS control for handshaking, Paralleling option, Remote monitoring using GSM/RS-485.
Make EnerTech Your Ultimate Companion For Life!
India is facing major power crunch with depletion of natural resources like coal, oils, natural gases, leading to rise in electricity cost. At this critical juncture, Enertech’s Solar Hybrid Inverter act as saviour leading to notable reduction of electricity bills. Solar panels absorb sunlight and convert it into DC (direct current) form of electricity. The generated power then passes through solar invertor which converts it from DC to AC (alternative current) used for running home and electrical appliances that in general work under an electrical grid. EnerTech’s Solar Hybrid Invertor saves and reduces electricity costs estimated to be Rs.6.15 kilowatt per hour in India presently.
Enertech offers three types of Solutions:
- Solar Power Conditioning Unit (PCU)-An integrated system consisting of MPPT Solar Charge Controller, solar inverter, Solar Hybrid Inverter and Grid charger for providing facility to charge battery bank either through Solar or Grid, continuously monitors Battery Voltage, Solar Power & output loads. EnerTech’s Solar Hybrid Invertors 1Ph and 3Ph convert solar energy, the source of which is Sun, into electrical energy with the help of photovoltaic cells thereby saving and reducing electricity costs, which has put consumers’ life in penury given the spike in electricity bills.
- Solar Power Conditioning System (PCS)-Power Conditioning System (PCS) in solar energy refers to collection of electrical equipment converting direct current (DC) from photovoltaic array of alternating current (AC) or that conditions AC current produced at CSP facilities to match voltage and phase conditions of bulk electricity grid to which solar energy is connected. PCS also includes system monitoring devices and isolation switches that can isolate solar energy facility from bulk electricity grid during off-normal conditions.
- Solar Energy Storage System (ESS)-Energy Storage Systems (ESS) means system installed in addition to solar PV and/or wind power capacity that can capture energy produced at one time for usage later on. It’s specific type of power system integrating power grid connection with solar inverter or Solar Hybrid Inverter/Charger, GX device and battery system. Solar ESS stores solar energy into battery during day for later use when sun stops shinning.
All these functionalities of EnerTech are solely for the purpose of making proper utilization of solar energy by tapping it in various forms and using it for consumers’ benefits who can store them and use later, simultaneously reducing electricity costs for the better.
Embrace EnerTech with all its Glory! Making its foray in 1989, EnerTech UPS Pvt. Ltd. is India’s No.1 solar inverter manufacturer and power inverter manufacturer. EnerTech is a professionally-managed customer-centric organization serving more than 30000+ customers serviced over past 30 years. We want to solve consumer problems and challenges like power blackouts, electricity shortage & its subsequent crisis plaguing them through advanced technologies, by offering cost-effective and reliable power solutions with our wide array of solar and power products like solar inverter, Solar Hybrid Inverter, Industrial Inverter, Industrial UPS, etc. Make EnerTech a part of your extended family!